Kalsa and Botanic Garden.

The Central Station of Palermo, Piazza Giulio Cesare, is a late nineteenth century building, facing the so-called "monumental entrance" of Via Roma. At the center of the square stands a monument to Victor Emmanuel II erected in 1886. Standing in front of Via Roma, we take on the rigth Lincoln Street that we will follow up to the sea. Soon we find the intersection with Corso dei Mille, a popular area of market, and a few meters on the sidewalk in the same course, the stall vendor "Mussu and Carcagnolu", a typical palermitan street food. In Corso dei Mille we can enjoy an ice cream in ice cream shop “Da Ciccio”.

 

Going on Via Lincoln, passed the intersection with Via Archirafi, the seat of the faculty of botany at the University of Palermo, we reach the Botanical Garden, founded in 1786, one of the oldest in Europe. Covering an area of ten hectares, you can admire yuccas, cycas, ficus, pineapple, banana trees, trees with trunk to spines (kapoc), cacti, euphorbias and many other plant species. A few meters on the same side we find Villa Flora, today called Villa Giulia, a park recently restored. Do not miss inside the “Fontana del Genio” (Genius fountain, Ignazio Marabitti, 1778).

 

The Genius of Palermo is the tutelary deity of the city, or genius loci, complementary to Santa Rosalia, the patron of the city. It is also simply called Genio or Palermo. In the city there are eight representations, of which six are sculptures (two of which are fountains), one is a fresco by Vito D'Anna and another is a mosaic at the entrance to the Palatine Chapel. Leaving the Villa, through the Via Lincoln, we stop for a snack tasting the famous arancina "bomb"a  speciality of Bar Turing.

 

On the same side of Via Lincoln Porta Reale leads to one of the historic districts of Palermo, the Kalsa, from the Arabic Al Halisah( the chosen one). On Piazza Kalsa the church of Santa Teresa in Baroque style built at the end of 600. Up ahead on via Spasimo you reach the monumental complex of the same name. Ancient convent, partially destroyed and abandoned for centuries, it he is risen today thanks to effective restoration and it is used for exhibitions, concerts and performances. We continue reaching Piazza Magione to see the homonymous Church also known as Basilica della Santissima Trinità Del Cancelliere (the Church of the Holy Trinity The Chancellor), a particular example of Norman Arab art. Let’s return on our steps to the Piazza Kalsa and reach the Foro Italico, also said the Marina promenade, an immense green lawn bordering the sea which extends from Villa Giulia to the Cala, the ancient port of Palermo.

In front of the Foro Italico, the "Passeggiata delle mura della Cattive”,  a terrace overlooking the sea placed on the Civic walls, so-called because once favored by widows (in latin "captivae " or prisoners of pain).

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